How to Read the Drug Facts Label

美国食品和药物管理局(FDA)要求所有场外柜台交易(OTC)的药物有药物成分标签。此标签提供有关药物的成分基本信息,使用说明,以及重要的安全注意事项和相互作用。这些信息将帮助您选择正确的药物和正确地使用它。

该药品Facts label is only required for非处方药, and it is not used for膳食补充剂,如维生素,矿物质,和草药。

请务必阅读标签

FDA要求所有OTC药品上的标签,必须在相同的顺序列出的信息,被安排在一个简单醒目的一贯风格,并包含很容易理解的话。

既然你可服用非处方药,没有看到你的医生,您已阅读并理解标签上的信息是非常重要的。如果你不知道的信息手段或您担心与其他药物你正在服用的互动,请向您的药剂师或医生。如果你有你的视力有问题,请朋友或家人阅读标签为您服务。

防窃启包装

Although not required by the FDA, many makers of OTC medications use tamper-evident containers for their products. This is to help protect you from possible criminal behavior.

与防篡改包装药物的标签都会对包描述这项安全功能,如语句:

“TAMPER EVIDENT: DO NOT USE IF PRINTED SEAL AROUND CAP IS BROKEN OR MISSING”

如果您认为包已被篡改,以任何方式,不买的药。把它带到药剂师,店长,店员或使他们意识到损害。

什么是对药物成分标签?

Active Ingredient

active ingredientis the part of the medication that is responsible for the medication’s effect. It is listed first on the label along with the量或剂量of medication in each pill or teaspoon of liquid. This section will also tell you the purpose of the medication.

Do not take two medications with the same active ingredient at the same time unless recommended by your doctor or pharmacist.

Uses

药品标签的这一部分告诉你什么症状和健康状况的FDA已经批准了该药物用于治疗或预防。

警告

This section of the drug label includes the following types of warnings:

  • When not to use the medication
  • 使用药物之前可能从你的医生需要咨询条件
  • 与其他药物和食物的相互作用可能
  • 药物可能的副作用
  • 何时停止服药以及何时联系医生
  • What to do if you are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • A warning to keep the medication out of a child’s reach

路线

药品标签的这一部分告诉你多少药物的服用,如何利用它,以及如何经常服用。此外,该路线将告诉您使用的儿童和成人用药的正确方法。

仔细按照指示。如果你吃药的太少,你可能没有预期的效果,如果你花太多的药物可能有令人不快的副作用。

其他信息

药品标签的这一部分将告诉您如何保存药物和多少钠,钾和钙产品含有如果有的话。

非活性成分

This section of the drug label tells you about substances in the medication that are并不是用来治疗你的症状or health condition. These substances may include colors, flavors, preservatives, and materials that bind the pill together. It is important that you be aware of these ingredients because they can cause过敏反应in some people.

该Label May Also Tell You:

  • 该expiration date or the date after which you should not use the medication
  • 批号或批次代码从药物的制造商,以帮助识别产品
  • Name and address of the manufacturer, packer, or distributor
  • 如何用药中有多少是在每个包
  • 如果你吃药的过量怎么办

Example of a Drug Label

An example of a drug label using information from an aspirin bottle:

有效成分
(in each tablet)

阿司匹林325毫克

Purpose
Pain reliever/fever reducer

Uses
提供的临时救济

  • Headache
  • Toothache
  • 肌肉疼痛
  • Pain and fever of colds
  • Menstrual pain
  • Minor pain of arthritis

警告
瑞氏综合征:Children and teenagers should not use this medicine for chicken pox or flu symptoms before a doctor is consulted about Reye’s syndrome, a rare but serious illness reported to be associated with aspirin.

Alcohol warning:如果你每天都要消耗3种或更多酒精饮料,问你的医生你是否应该服用阿司匹林或其他止痛药/退烧药。阿司匹林可能会导致胃出血。

不使用if you are allergic to aspirin.

询问医生在使用之前,如果您有

  • Asthma
  • 胃病,持续或复发
  • 溃疡
  • 出血问题

请在使用前医生或药剂师,如果你正在服用的处方药

  • 抗凝(血液稀释)
  • Diabetes
  • Gout
  • 关节炎

停止使用并问医生,如果

  • Pain worsens or lasts more than 10 days
  • Fever worsens or lasts more than 3 days
  • New symptoms occur
  • 发红或肿胀是本
  • Ringing in the ears or loss of hearing occurs

如果怀孕或哺乳, ask a health professional before use. It is especially important not to use aspirin during the last 3 months of pregnancy unless specifically directed to do so by a doctor because it may cause problems in the unborn child or complications during delivery.

Keep out of reach of children.
在发生意外过量,获得医疗帮助或联系中毒控制中心马上。

路线

  • Adults:1 to 2 tablets with water. dosage may be repeated every 4 hours, not to exceed 12 tablets in 24 hours.
  • Children under 12:consult a doctor.

其他信息
在控制室温商店15°-30℃(59°-86°F)

Inactive ingredients
羟丙甲纤维素,淀粉,二氧化钛

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